Pain in the lower back on the left: causes, treatment

Probably not in the world a man who at least once in my life felt pain in the back and the lumbar. According to medical statistics, complaints on the feelings of back pain, occupy the second place after respiratory viral infections in the world. Back pain can be caused by many factors: for some people, these manifestations are associated with a congenital pathology, others are the consequence of any disease or injury. In any case, one should engage self-medicate, because it can lead to worsening of the condition and the development of serious complications.

As usual, pain in the lower back on the left occur most commonly in people of advanced years or retirement age, but in recent years this pathology has a tendency to rejuvenation, it is now often possible to meet with patients of a young age complain of pain in the back. What causes pain in the lower back? Consider these factors in more detail.

back hurts

Causes of pain in the lower back on the left

The main causes of pain in lower back left are:

  • muscle disease;
  • inflammatory diseases of organs of small pelvis and retroperitoneal space;
  • inflammation of the nerve roots of the spinal cord;
  • injury and damage to the lumbar region;
  • curvature of the spine;
  • violation of posture;
  • pregnancy.

The clinical picture

Pain in the lumbar region on the left can wear a different character and origin. The clinical picture depends on the cause of the pain. In inflammatory diseases of the kidney, the pain can wear dull or aching character, bother of the patient continuously, or sporadically. When kidney disease the character of the pain gets spicy paroxysmal character with irradiation in the groin and the authorities of the urine.

Pain in the lower back pain left side may indicate inflammation of the ovaries in women, or be the first symptom of a developing ectopic pregnancy. In the last case, the pain gets worse and the irradiation in the area of the genitals, the rear passage of the crotch.

When inflammation of the nerve roots of the spinal cord in the lumbar back pain on the left may occur sporadically, under the influence of certain factors:

  • hypothermia of the organism;
  • the sharp change in body position;
  • weight lifting;
  • stress.
symptoms of pain

Usually the patient experiences severe pain in the lumbar shooting character, sometimes the patient can't even stretch, so it takes a forced posture.

Pain from the lumbar region to the left can occur in pregnant women, as you increase the duration of the pregnancy and the growing belly. The growing uterus displaces the internal organs and increases the pressure on the lumbar spine, from what the woman could bother to pull and gnawing pain in the back area. Important: if pain sensations are anecdotal and radiating to the sacrum and the groin, it is necessary to immediately contact the gynecologist, because such manifestations can be a signal about the threat of miscarriage or premature birth.

Diagnosis of pain in the lower back on the left

In order to decide how to treat pain in the lower back on the left, the expert should accurately identify the cause of painful sensations, for this patient is assigned a complex examination of the body, which includes:

  • urine (a common and sample) – make it possible to detect the pathology from the organs of urine;
  • blood tests (total and biochemistry);
  • ultrasonic examination of organs of small pelvis and retroperitoneal space;
  • urography with accessories;
  • cystoscopy;
  • x-rays;
  • mri and ct;
  • consulting specialists – orthopedist, neurologist, surgeon.


Treatment of pain in the lower back on the left largely depends on their causes:

causes of pain in the back
  • Upon detection of the inflammatory process of gynecological range of women is mentioned observing the gynecologist and antibiotic therapy. The drug is prescribed after the differentiation of the causative agent of the infection.
  • In the identification of pyelonephritis and other inflammatory diseases of organs of mochevyvodjashie the patient to prescribe antibiotics, excessive drinking, in some cases, diuretic preparations, multivitamin complexes. The patient must follow a diet with restriction of salt and spices.
  • For back pain in pregnancy it is necessary to exclude the beginning of the labor activity and to adjust the mode of work and rest. To reduce the load on the lumbar department of spine are advised to wear a special bandage and close below the area of the lumbar a pillow or cushion.
  • In identifying back pain or worsening of degenerative disc disease is shown the course of treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and bed rest to waive the acute process. The patient is recommended to lift weights and not supercool.

How to forgive an acute inflammatory process when pain and rheumatic pain prescribe massage, exercise therapy and manual therapy.

It is important to realize that the pain in lower back left side can indicate serious diseases of the internal organs, which require immediate medical help, so I it is strictly forbidden! Use the recipes of folk medicine for back pain is possible, but only after diagnosis by a specialist and with the consent of the doctor.