Pain in the lower back: causes, symptoms, signs, treatment

Pain in the lower back pain is a symptom, which manifests itself in every man at least once in your life. Medical statistics is such that after a whole life of painful feelings in the area manifests itself at about 80% of the population of european countries. At this same time, doctors are beginning to sound the alarm, because such a flag became "younger". If it is already pain in the lower back on the right or left side, that could give or not give away a step, was the privilege of only older people, it is now the average age of its primary manifestations – from 35 to 45 years. Often diagnose even in adolescents. All of this suggests that the question why it hurts loin, the answer should be known by every person, because no one is immune from developing these painful sensations.

pain in the lower back

In fact, the reasons for the progression of this unhealthy condition quite a lot. Often painful in the lumbar region accompanied by degenerative disc disease, sciatica, lumbago, various pathologies of the lumbar-sacral division. It is important to note that if you exhibited this symptom, then it absolutely can not be ignored. Of course, that it can trigger and completely physiological causes, such as increased physical stress or hypothermia. But also painful in this area can be the first sign of progression of serious diseases in the human body. It is important to immediately go to an appointment with a qualified doctor who will be able to establish the real cause of this condition and prescribe the correct treatment.


Depending on their localization:

  • local. In this case, the pain syndrome is manifested in one particular place in the lumbar region. In some cases, the pain gives to the feet. Often manifested by pain in the back under the lower back;
  • generalized. In this case, painful includes not only the lumbar region, but also completely whole back.

Depending on the length of pain syndrome, we distinguish:

  • recurring pain;
  • permanent.

Recurrent pain

Its name this flag got out of that reason, that is lost then it will be removed the focus of the pain, and the person fully recovers. Most discomfort of this type are manifested as a result of non-normalized physical exertion or physiological functions of the human body. But often the cause of recurring painful sensations become pathology of internal organs, acute character. It is worth noting that pain caused just diseases of the vital organs, can be of two types:

  • exudes;
  • as reflected.

Constant pain

Usually the causes of, manifestations of the pain of this type are:

  • inflammation in the bone and cartilage structures;
  • processes dystrophy and organizations in the bones and the skin;
  • disorders of the circulation of the blood in the blood vessels of the lower extremities.

Much less often is the cause of persistent pain in the lumbar region is the defeat of the muscle structures or internal organs. The progression of the pain syndrome this type of talk in that case, if you remove the pathological focus of the practically not possible, because the mechanism of dystrophy of the bones and cartilage have already been launched. Here the point is that in medicine today virtually no resources which could completely remove dystrophic or degenerative processes in the human body.

The main causes, symptoms of persistent pain:

  • the defeat of the nerve fibers that go from the vertebrae of the lumbar;
  • the defeat of the ganglia, localized in the vicinity of the spinal column in the area of the sacral division, as well as the lumbar.

The disease, the course of which each is accompanied by the emergence of aching pain in the lumbar:

  • lumbago;
  • intervertebral osteochondrosis;
  • sciatica;
  • lumbar hernia;
  • scoliosis;
  • nerve lumbar pain (often given in feet);
  • thrombophlebitis. A characteristic feature — the severe pain, gives in the affected leg. Often there is also a strong inflammation around the damaged blood vessels;
  • atherosclerosis 3 or 4 degrees;
  • rheumatoid arthritis;
  • ankylosing spondylitis;
  • spondylosis;
  • osteoporosis;
  • different length of the legs.

Painful for women

the causes of back pain

Often the question why it hurts loin, ask the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity. Pain in the lower back on the right or left side can be one of the first signs of progression of dangerous gynecological diseases.

Causes, manifestations of pain in the lower back on the right and left side in women:

  • adnexitis. Mostly feelings of pain localized to the lower abdomen, but also often give in the lower back and even legs;
  • twisting of ovarian cysts;
  • climax;
  • pregnancy.

Painful sensations in the lower back in men

Pain in the lower back to the left or to the right of the representatives of the stronger sex often manifest themselves due to their professional activities. But they can also signal the and of the progression of the following diseases:

  • prostatitis;
  • epididymitis. The main place of localization of pain is inguinal area. But it can also give you with lower back pain and step.

General causes of pain

Pain in the lower back left or right is manifested in the result of the progression of the disease of the digestive system, kidneys, diseases of the vital organs, which are of an infectious nature. Also, this symptom may be a sign of the growth of cancerous tumors or surgical complications, a consequence of metabolic disorders.

Causes of pain in lower back left and right may be the following:

  • appendicitis. In this case, it is the main place of localization of the painful feelings is the right iliac region, but they can put in the lower back. Usually manifested by pain in the lower back on the right side;
  • cholecystitis. The pain often manifests itself in the right hypochondrium and radiates in the lower back. The observed manifestations of pain in the lower back on the right side (due to the localization of the affected gall bladder);
  • pancreatitis;
  • adhesions after the execution of the operational procedure;
  • pathology of the kidney. In this case, may occur as a pain pain in the lower back, and strong. Depending on what the kidney will be exposed to the pathological process, it will manifest the pain in the lower back right or left. Painful sensations accompany pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, nephrosclerosis and the like. Acute pain in the lower back pain often manifests itself on the background of urinary of the disease, when a conglomerate takes place on the urinary tract infection;
  • obesity 4 degrees. Pain pain in the lower back pain appears as a result of the increased load on this area;
  • myositis. Sharp pain in lower back when such pathologies are manifested, usually after a strong supercooling;
  • infectious processes that occur in the bone tissue. For a given condition is typical of acute pain in the lower back;
  • tumors. At the first stages of painful feelings can and cannot be. Acute pain in the lower back pain is manifested in the 3-4 stage of cancer.

Therapeutic activities

Usually patients are interested in not only the question why it hurts loin, but they also wonder what to do in such a situation? The algorithm of action may vary depending on known is the cause of the pain, or not.

If a sick person has no idea what caused a sharp pain in the lower back, then the first thing must do is to measure the temperature of your body. If it is increased, it means that there is a high probability that painful sensations induced by the course of infectious or inflammatory processes. Yourself to do nothing not recommended – it is better to immediately call the doctor or go to a health institution for advice and diagnosis.

If it is the cause of pains is stretching the muscle fibers or bruised, then in such case, you can begin to do the following:

  • take anti-inflammatory means. Such a measure is treatment will help soothe the painful and reduce the intensity of the inflammation;
  • independently of the treatment can take diuretic medicine;
  • fixation of the muscles and bones of the lower back using towels.

What not to do:

  • if there has been a systematic manifestation of pain in the lower back, which still gives it the leg, then the pain is still not recommended. The removal of the main symptom (pain), you may later hinder the process of diagnosis;
  • as the treatment method can not resort to the heating. Many people are sure that if you heat up the affected area, then the pain subsides. It is not so;
  • there's no need to go for treatment to the general practitioner, if it is violated the position of the vertebrae. Such changes may be the result of dystrophic processes, so that no curative measures cannot be used until it completed a full examination of the body.

Treatment of pain in the lumbar region deals with the doctor-neurologist. A treatment plan is developed depending on what has triggered the manifestation of painful feelings. Methods can be as conservative, so even to navigate. Usually first the doctors decided to resort to conservative methods of treatment, and that only because of their inefficiency resort to surgical intervention.

Treatment treatment may consist in the use of these medicinal products:

  • antibiotics;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • glucocorticoids;
  • diuretics;
  • antispasmodics;
  • probiotics and so on.