Pain in the lower back can occur not only in women at a mature age, but also quite often in the young. Can wear a drawing or aching character, amplified in mobility and slopes. Reasons for stretches pain lower back pain in women is many, pain can be a manifestation of some disease, but it can be triggered by completely different factors.
The back of the disease – the most common cause of back pain in the lumbar
When pain in the lower back logically in the first place to think about the condition of the joints and spine.
The density of bones determines their strength. After 30 years of decreases, which is caused by the hormonal changes in a woman's body and a violation of the metabolism. This is the reason why there is this phenomenon in women occurs in 5 times more, than in the male population.
In osteoporosis, bone tissue becomes porous, brittle. Arises high risk of serious fractures even with a small fall, as a result of which a person of his advanced age can stay strapped to the bed.
In the elderly is the density of the bones decreases, usually due to a lack of calcium and lack of hormones – senile or senile osteoporosis. One of the most common symptoms of the disease, there is pain in the lumbar region. It is also possible to the curvature of the spine, deterioration of the posture. Disease is detected usually in handling patients with your doctor about fracture. If it has been more than two breaks in a row – that is, there is a great likelihood of the presence of osteoporosis.
In the preventive purposes to women after 45-50 years it is recommended to perform the assessment of bone density – a study of identifying the mineral mass and bone density.
In the therapy of osteoporosis are applied preparations of calcium and vitamin D, which helps to adjust calcium in the body. It is also to adjust the diet, way of eating and physical activity.
The defeat of the joints, damage to cartilage called osteoarthritis. The disease progresses gradually, acquires a chronic character. Destruction of cartilage is irreversible and causes the deformation of all elements of the joint - arthrosis.
If a pathological process occurs in the lumbar-sacral department, its called have a spondylo-articular arthritis suffer from. On the edges of the affected joints are formed by the bony growths, acts on a lot of the nerve endings in the lower back. As a result of pain syndrome may develop so that the person loses performance and is forced to be on disability the rest of my life.
In women, the disease occurs as a result of external and internal factors:
- injuries of the joints;
- excessive load in the operation of the sport, or professional;
- extra weight increases the load on the joints;
- hormonal changes;
- disorders of metabolism.
Risk factors include a hereditary predisposition. Also the likelihood of deformation of the joints increases with age.
In women after 50 years of age factor in combination with menopause, which exacerbated the degenerative processes in the bone tissue. If it is the cause installed, then osteoarthritis is considered secondary. If it originated, it is incomprehensible why, its called primary.
How to restore destroyed cartilage, and pay for structural changes in the joints without surgery is possible, conservative treatment of osteoarthritis is aimed at reducing the burden and the regulation of metabolic processes in bone tissue.
It is necessary to get rid of excess weight, avoid lifting weights, in the acute phase of the disease adhere to the floor of the bed rest. Are painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Arthritis is called the inflammation in the joints. Osteoarthritis is very similar to the symptoms, mechanisms, manifestations and reasons of occurrence with osteoarthritis. The difference lies in the degree of severity of inflammation. For arthritis pain initially arises from inflammation of the joint and already after a lapse of time when the chronic form progresses deformation, wear of the cartilage, immobility of the joints.
Inflammation often wears a sharp character, manifested in the result of provoking factors (hypothermia, the transfer of weights, SARS). Reduce the inflammation and alleviate the condition of help warming ointments and gels, reducing the burden and activity in the period of exacerbation.
Regular pain in the lower back can be the result of dystrophy of the intervertebral disc – degenerative disc disease. When lumbar osteochondrosis of the flat and use the disks constrict the blood vessels and nerve endings in the lumbar spine.
Along with limitation of motion of the back in women, there are additional symptoms and complicationsassociated with the violation of blood circulation:
- failure of the menstrual cycle;
- increased sweating;
- aggravation of varicose veins;
- cold weather, numbness and tingling in the lower extremities;
- sleep disorders, increased fatigue;
- impaired function of the urinary system.
For suspected degenerative disc disease for further diagnosis prescribe x-rays of the lumbar area or ct. If the disease is detected, sets out the reasons. They're the same as in the articular arthrosis of the.
States of the disease leads to destruction of the vertebrae, the process becomes chronic and irreversible. Stop the development of the disease and reduce the painful, in addition to the standard funds, help special orthopedic corsets with rigid inserts.
A common complication of degenerative disc disease is the inflammation of the bundles of nerve fibers between the vertebrae – sciatica.
Sciatica can occur for other reasons:
- a sedentary lifestyle;
- intense sports exercise;
- strong stress;
Pain in this disease, is sharp, is amplified when changing position, sneezing, coughing. This disease can manifest itself throughout life. Drug therapy a significant effect is given towhy women more often turn to folk remedies: bath, warming compresses and polishing, a belt of wool, herbal teas.
Herniation of the intervertebral disc
Acute pain in the lower back can be the result of intervertebral hernia, when the displacement of the disk between the vertebrae and pinched them in the nerve roots. To the formation of herniated lead to a curvature of the spine, osteochondrosis, injuries, tumors, tuberculosis.
At an early stage – within a few years the pain may be dull and subside into a horizontal position. Since the hernia nature of the pain changes – it becomes a shooting and aching, spread on a pan and lower extremities. Because of the constant pain spazmiruyutsya muscles, it's not exactly a stretch, develop asymmetrical back stoop.
If they are not paying attention to the hernia of the intervertebral discs and run it, she is able to cause the death of spinal cord and paralysis.
As a result of all the listed diseases of the back can cause lumbago in the lower part of the back – lumbalgie. It is an acute pain syndrome, which lasts a few weeks, leads to early disability.
Diseases of the internal organs, the urinary system
The shoulders may hurt not only because of problems with joints and spine. In the area of the lower back are the kidneys, which means the inflammatory processes taking place in them and in the urinary tract, they can pay the pain in the back. It usually happens when pyelonephritis and deterioration of urinary diseases , and is characterized by aching pain.
Among the rare causes of pain, but still occur, can indicate: acute pancreatitis, aortic aneurysm.
Pelvic character of the pain in the lower back pain is manifested in endometriosis – inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus. This pathology may be accompanied by hepatic cycle, bloody secretions, pulling pain in the lower abdomen.
For similar reasons the treatment is directed not at the lumbar region, but on the particular body, which gives a pain effect.
Not necessarily pain in the lower back pain appears as a result of pathological processes. In women thus manifests itself and the physiological changes in the body.
In pregnancy arise obstetric and related causes of back pain:
- hormonal changes;
- difference bone lonna completion of the joints;
- the threat of miscarriage;
- increase in body weight;
- the pressure of the uterus on the nerve endings of the spine;
- false contractions;
- the beginning of birth.
Need future and subsequently a nursing mom to be replenished lack of trace elements and nutrients, on which depends the status of the musculoskeletal system.
Pain in the back when the monthly – the phenomenon natural. On them has the effect of hormonal changes in the body. Before the onset of the critical days of the shoulders may ache due to the accumulation of fluid in the tissues and education of the swelling.
To whom it seems the gift of nature, but for some, it's a source of problems. Breasts the fourth and more sizes has a solid weight.
To be in an upright position, the spine, the ligaments and the back muscles are constantly tense. Such "training" is not useful, creates an unusual burden on the joints, so they can develop diseases of the back, referred to above.
Overweight – this is a big test for the spine and other bones. Have a negative impact on the condition of the cartilage and the health of the intervertebral discs. In obese women, it is always a chronic joint disease, and sometimes even the whole "bouquet". With how to get rid of the excess weight begins treatment of degenerative disc disease, arthritis, arthrosis, back pain.
The climax of the
Menopause plays a huge role in the condition of the joints. In women, which to this point have already accumulated diseases of the back, they have sharpened. The one who was able to avoid problems with the joints in his youth, in old age definitely need to meet them.
Estrogen and progesterone – the main female hormones. During menopause, their production drops significantly, rebuilt the work of the whole organism. Because sex hormones have an influence not just on sexual organs. Estrogen, for example, is involved in the regulation of the nervous system, has an impact on the condition of the skin, breast, bones.
Household reasons, why it hurts the shoulders in women
For domestic reasons, why it hurts the lower back include:
- a longer session in front of a computer or television;
- the transfer of heavy objects;
- concepts, hypothermia;
- work on the slope in the garden;
- physical load;
- a sedentary way of life.
No wonder that back pain are just as worried as lazy, so people unnecessarily active. A girl who is fixated on fitness results and not vylazit from the gym, with a surprise at one point to appear in each of osteochondrosis. How and a pancake, which her cakes, sits days away with the tv.
By the way, about the session, it is important not only how much you sit, but also how. Still in high school at all teaches to observe the direct possession of the body. It is of great importance for the prevention of diseases of the back, including curvature of the spine. Also the direct possession of the body is to ensure normal blood flow and nutrition to the bones, which allows you to activate metabolic processes, cell renewal, permanently preserve youth and health.
The cold can cause inflammation of both the joints and internal organs – the kidneys, of the uterus. When complications can go in the chronic disease. So mothers always teach their daughters maintained a draught, a cold wind and not to sit on cold surfaces.
Beauty requires victims, but the victim of wear heel can be great. Curved fingers, heel spur and, of course, problems with the spine – this is what awaits the fashionable and stylish girls in high heels.
The constant wearing of high heels, and depending on uncomfortable footwear causes deformation of the joints of the ankle and the foot. The result is that during walking the load is poorly distributed to the whole skeleton, including the spine.
Lifting, carrying weights
Tore the back of the ceremony can be when moving or reconstruction, helps her husband carry the heavy furniture and bags of plaster. Women rarely myself weigh, and in consequence suffer from health.
When lifting weights is happening sprains of the back. Acute pain may occur due to the flow of some chronic diseases of the back, the deterioration of which caused a large load.
Adequate physical activity, walking outdoors, swimming, the correct mode of work and rest will help to eliminate the negative factors and prevent back pain.