From what can hurt your back? 7 possible causes

It is believed that this disease is not treatable and leads alone. But in fact, everything can be much more complicated. What can be the causes of pain in the back and which of them require medical assistance?

pain in the back

Muscle burden

Approximately 85% of cases of chronic or episodic back pain associated with excessive a lot of lower back pain. Don't be surprised: even if they are not involved in the sport, not drag the severity and does not dig in the bed a day away, the muscles, your back still have our daily effort. When you are sitting, for example, in front of the monitor, they must support the basic mass of your body. Therefore, doctors recommend to those who work behind a desk, how can a "deeper" sitting on a chair, relying on his backrest.

However, the diagnosis of "fatigue back" no one fails to deliver. As usual, mild back pain belongs to the "uncertain causes" (that may be temporary damage to the muscles or ligaments) and heals peace of mind and proper posture in the chair. If the pain persist after 2 weeks or is repeated regularly, it is worth it to ask your doctor to conduct a more detailed examination.

Stress fractures

According to the American medical association, such a diagnosis to give about 4% of patients with back pain. Stress fractures is a fracture of a vertebra, most commonly found in elderly people and patients with osteoporosis. In this disease the bones become less rigid and can damage only under the pressure of body weight. Therefore, fractures due to injuries in this category do not fall. And therefore, the patient can himself noticed, as they will break your vertebrae — talk about it will be just a sharp nagging pain.

Treat as a fracture of strict bed regime and complexes of drugs act to reduce the painful sensations.

Hernia of the intervertebral disc

Intervertebral hernia — a fairly common problem, often encountered in people over 40 (although can be diagnosed at a younger age). The reason — the degeneration of muscle and connective tissue. With age, your spine is like "settle down" — the vertebrae - closer to each other, the intervertebral discs flattens and bulges out of vertebral column. The result — the same compression of the nerve roots of the nerves, which leads to acute headache in the lower back and legs.

Typically, the localization of your pain can be immediately to the doctor, where it can be hernia. But to confirm the diagnosis and pinpoint the location of the hernia, usually it is performed a magnetic scan (MRI).


This condition occurs in 5-7% of the population, although it is diagnosed much less frequently (most often chronic pain lumbar people just do not pay attention). When spondylolisthesis knee of one of the vertebrae (usually the 5th lumbar) is deformed, from what vertebrae "crawls" at the bottom, bulging in the forward or backward. The relevant section of the spine becomes similar to a ladder, place on the pole.

Symptoms the same — pain in the lower back, sometimes in the buttocks, rarely can give to the lower extremities. Shifted to the vertebrae can squeeze the nerve roots, off-the-from the spinal cord, which leads to the pain of feelings.


Another name for this disease — ankylosing spondylitis. Most often occurs in men, and in elderly, as in younger. Women make up less than one-sixth of all patients.


Primarily manifested by pain and stiffness in the lower back, aching pain in the thigh area, the permanent tension of the back muscles. The reason for this is inflammation of the joints and ligaments of the spine. It is a chronic progressive disease, this means that when holding the lumbar department of spine, the inflammation spreads to the cervical and thoracic. In addition, they can eventually become connective tissue, internal organs, cardio-vascular system, kidneys, lungs and even the eyes. However, it occurs the disease is relatively rare — it "gave" about 0.35 of patients.


Approximately 0.7% of patients with complaints of pain in the back due to the detection of cancerous tumors. It can be cancer, originally localized in the spine, or tumors metastatic from other organs. As you can see from the statistics, such cases are very rare: usually the cancer "fishing" in the other symptoms, and if you have not had cancer before, back pain is unlikely, portends you a terrible diagnosis.

Infectious defeat of the spine

One of the most rare causes of back pain (0,01%). Usually an infection is not starting with the spine, as well gets into the tenderloin through the bloodstream from other parts of the body — from the urinary channel, for example. Like other infectious lesions, usually accompanied by an increase in temperature. However, the combination of the "patient back + heat", doesn't mean that you have infected the spine. The flu, for example, can cause the same symptoms.