Severe back pain – a dangerous symptom, which in any case can not be tolerated. The reasons may be very different: from the degenerative changes in the spine from disease of the internal organs. If very strongly hurts your back, it is necessary first of all to ensure the physiological peace of mind, take a comfortable position.
Other actions consist in the call of the doctor on the house, and when acute, unbearable, sharp pain, when it is difficult to find facilitate the condition of body posture, – an ambulance. If a seizure a person becomes for the first time, and he knows the cause, you can take an analgesic (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). On the painful place you can also attach a cold compress. Furthermore, it is necessary to contact the clinic and inform the doctor about the worsening of existing disease.
A sharp pain in the back has a different origin. Painful, has sharp or paroxysmal character appear suddenly, charge, permanently or from time to time. The pain can be aching, pulling, eripiant partas and amplified after a long search in a single position. In the lower part of the back, sometimes there's a feeling of stiffness, heaviness, tingling, it can cause numbness or tingling. Severe, acute back pain significantly reduces the quality of life, deteriorating the workability.
To the group of risk includes the following persons:
- office workers, programmers and so on (who a long time sitting at the computer);
- people with excess weight;
- people leading an inactive lifestyle (physical inactivity);
- those who are busy with hard work, performed intense physical labor;
- those who suffered a back injury;
- professional athletes;
- older people;
- pregnant, postpartum women.
Trigger the pain can be sharp, careless movement, hypothermia. Disease, accompanied by soreness of the back:
- hernia protrusion;
- pinched nerve roots;
- disorders of the cardiovascular and respiratory system;
- infectious processes, tumors, etc.
Back pain can be the result of various injuries: wounds, bruises, fractures and so forth of the Mechanical trauma is a reason for immediate treatment to the doctor, although at first glance it seems that nothing serious is not. Painful when mild injuries (e.g., injuries) may occur not immediately, but after a certain time. In severe cases, in addition to sharp pain, can observe paresis, paralysis.
For the determination of the severity of the condition the patient is prescribed the chest x-rays, CT, MRI. In some cases, can help only surgical intervention because conservative therapy for injuries is aimed only at eliminating the symptoms. After surgery need a longer course of rehabilitation. Even on such a variety of therapeutic activities does not guarantee that severe back pain will not bother a person in the course of life.OSTEOCHONDROSIS
The disease process often localized in the lower back or the cervical spine column. The vertebrae have considerable mobility, they are showing a lot of pressure, that due to the irrational physical activity and on the basis of other circumstances, leads to morbid changes. The cartilage tissue is exposed to monetary disturbances, inflammations, and a bunch of salt. For the identification of degenerative disc disease of the they are doing an MRI.
Acute pain attack arises as a result of degenerative-dystrophic changes in the disks. In the mechanism of the development of the pain lies the inflammation and infringement of the nerve roots. A sharp pain in the neck radiates in the shoulder belt, hand, shoulder blades. With the progression of the disease to spread to the thoracic area, when severe pain occurs already in the sternum. To fully recover from the degenerative disc disease cannot be, but to improve the quality of life is quite possible.SCOLIOSIS
In the irrational distribution of the load on the back, a longer stay in one position, sitting lifestyle the spine passes through the deformed changes. In muscle constantly spasms, the nerve endings affected. For this reason, they appear sharp pain. The beginning of the disease is often necessary for the child's age, when children begin to go to school, spend a lot of time behind a desk, wearing heavy textbooks.
For the detection of scoliosis, special studies are not necessary. The doctor will determine the curvature without instrumental techniques in normal view.KYPHOSIS OF THE PARENT DEPARTMENT
It is a violation of the skeleton, in which the spine twisted posteriorly more anatomical standards. At the beginning of the disease the patient looks simple, ergo foil inclinavit, according to the development of the defective process of forming a hump. The shoulders are issued by the front, the chest narrows. For this reason, the intervertebral discs of the thoracic department of the compressed and appear pain. The most dangerous is the kifoskolioticheskaya form the backbone of the this twisted in different departments.SPONDILOARTROZOM
In this disease, the changes of cartilage tissue in the joints. The cartilage loses its firmness and elasticity. Bone tissue is gradually disappearing, but are produced by abnormal bone growths – osteophytes. They cause a strong sharp pain, damage to surrounding soft tissue and nerves. Often so ill need an operation, as is the usual treatment gives a temporary, symptomatic effect.Hernia EDUCATION
At least the split ends of the intervertebral disc forfeit their elasticity and firmness. The vertebrae are the discs double burden. All of this leads to the fact that the cartilage tissue starts to go for the anatomically normal limits.
When the localization of the defective process in the area of the spinal canal disturbed sensitivity, may become paresis, paralysis. Due to compression of the roots arise from the strong bouts of pain. To reveal the hernia can be using CT and MRI. The disease is treated surgically. Now use the minus traumatica laser intervention, reducing the period of recovery.NEURALGIA
Under the influence of traumatic factors, supercooling, physical overload, begins with inflammation, which affects also the nerves. So is developing neuralgia. The sign of his – sharp, tribunus plebis modestus, "that harms the" pain in different parts of the back, right or left, bottom, chest, and so on, Pain may occur during sudden movements, strong cough.
In this state, take painkillers and anti-inflammatory pills, ensures the correct mode of the day.INTERNAL DISEASES
Painful in the back can occur in CHD. Arise pain, burning, compressing the character, gives in the back, shoulder blades, jaw, left shoulder. It may seem that the hurts in the left-hand side. The patient can identify a clear localization in the sternum. The typical symptoms of coronary pain – cupping nitroglycerin sublingual. Cardiac pain-after pills or nitro spray passes 5-10 minutes. If the attack holds 20 minutes and longer have a reason to think about a myocardial infarction. We urgently need an ambulance!
Another reason for the strong acute back pain – renal colic. The process is localized on one side. The pain is so intense that the patient is torn in the bed, can not find a forced position. When it arise dysuric disorders, incontinence is separated a little, in it can be present the blood. The pain spread after the move of the ureter down, moves to the lower abdomen, groin area. All of these conditions require immediate medical help!
What to do when syndrome pain
If symptoms indicate the coronary, the renal origin of the pain (especially if the patient knows about the availability of suitable problems), we need an ambulance. Such patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit. When coronary syndrome, it is necessary to adopt the provisions of half-sitting, back limit the clothes, take under the tongue nitroglycerin. Upon failure of colic forced poses no patient can help heat the area of the affected side. Common drugs against pain in the kidney, liver colic, spicy coronary syndrome do not help. The patient is injected with narcotic analgesics.
The above-described conditions, which require immediate medical help. In other cases it is a threat to the life of the patient is not. If the patient knows you are back problems, it can to facilitate the attack take anti-inflammatory numbing medicine. It is important to ensure full physiological peace of mind, eliminate any burden in the period of exacerbation.
In diseases of the musculoskeletal system, in the period of exacerbation used anti-inflammatory, calefactionem cunctam ointments. In severe cases, when the pills do not help, doctors prescribe the injection – novocaine, lidocaine blockade. If the symptomatology should not perish, served non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
As soon as the state becomes better, it is necessary to come on reception to contact a doctor. If the patient spoke for the first time, the specialist will determine why she got sick spin and what to do if you have severe pain. In the period of remission, when the pain of a heart attack docked, the patient to prescribe therapeutic massage, exercise therapy, physiotherapy, acupuncture, etc. All of these methods are applicable in the early stages of the disease. In severe cases surgery is necessary.
Useful to wear special orthopedic corsets that support the back and reduce the load. Such objects also recommended during pregnancy to reduce the burden on the spine. Good effect in problems of the back, giving physiotherapy. Complex prescribe by the attending physician and the class of better to carry out under the supervision of an instructor.
Examples of exercises:
- Lie on your back. Bend the leg at the knee. Another start and straighten, touching the floor. Do 10 repetitions and then change leg.
- Lie on the floor. Bend your legs at the knees. Turns distract the knees out to the sides.
- Hands put on the shoulders, do rotational movements forward and backward.
- Hands to pick up, concatenate to the castle. Head thrown back back, try to look at the palm of your hand.
- Do the twisting of the body.
It is important to remember the prevention. If you are overweight, it is necessary to renew it. It is necessary to lead an active lifestyle, especially sedentary workers. The working place should be comfortable equipped with, it is better to buy a special chair with adjustable backrest. Also it is necessary to pay attention to the shoes, to avoid excessive wearing of high heels, or models with an unpleasant terminal. Diseases of the spine is easier to prevent than to treat, so you have to constantly remember about the above simple and completely satisfy the rules.