The reasons for the emergence of pain in the neck area are many. Conditionally can be divided into connection with the pain of the muscular system and diseases of the internal organs. Some conditions require immediate aid, and even surgical treatment.
Undisputed for anyone it is really exceptional value of the spine for the health and life of humans. This is the reason why nature is equipped with a protective pain syndrome in the area of the back, срабатывающий every time the spine or in connection with the organs or tissues exposed to morbid processes. It is important to timely and confidently respond to similar signals, in order to back pain and neck do not become an obstacle to the usual rhythm of life.
The main reasons
Back and neck pain arise due to many reasons. You need to realize that these symptoms are just an indicator of the disease. Most people believe that pain in the back or neck is related to impaired function of the muscles, bones or joints, which form the data part of the body. Basically, it's the truth. There is, however, a sufficient amount of arguments to refute this claim. Conditionally can be divided reasons for which hurts the neck and back, into two groups.Musculoskeletal system
The first should include the reasons associated with impaired functioning of the muscle and skeletal system of the back and neck:
- hernia of the intervertebral disc;
- offset межпозвонковых joints;
- between the ribs neuralgia;
- the wrong distribution of physical load;
- back and neck injury.
The second group contains reasons related to патологией of other organs and systems, when the pain spreads to the nerve endings, are located in the area of neck and back pain:
- angina pectoris, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction;
- inflammatory diseases of the kidney;
- infectious diseases;
- diseases of the lung, pleura;
- the presence of tumors in the area of the back or neck.
The greatest discomfort a person experiences when the code hurt the spine in the neck area. Such a condition called cervicalgia. The neck is easily vulnerable due to the large number of carried out functions imposed on it by nature. This is the reason, the neck, the muscles of the face and позвонкам, provides the necessary mobility of the head. Inside the throat are the esophagus, the larynx, the trachea, the large blood and lymph vessels.
Pain in the neck most commonly occur in the area of the spine to the left or to the right. The most likely cause of cervicalgia is a spasm of the muscle fibers. This happens due to hypothermia (draught, a stream of cold air from the air conditioning), injury, long-term stay in однотипной posture (at the computer, while sleeping on an uncomfortable pillow), a sharp turn of the head or lack of load. In inflammation of the muscles a person experiences severe pain which may spread to the arm or лопатку. The muscle fibers become swollen, putting pressure on the nerve fibers of the ongoing inside the muscle, so the pain becomes even more intense.
Very similar to the symptoms has cervical sciatica, arising from lesions of the spinal nerve roots. The pain can irradiate (back) in the course of the nerve fibers, accompanied by weakness in the hands, a violation of motility of the neck. Appear cervical radiculitis less frequently than lumbar. Arises disease as a result of injury, degenerative processes in the spine, the availability of отростков on bone and tumors in the area of the nerve roots.
Back and neck pain may also be associated with degenerative nerve changes in the spine: остеохондрозом, osteoarthritis. Persistent pain dull character, is associated with impaired function of the cartilage of the vertebrae, which thicken, and then begin to put pressure on the nerve roots. Osteochondrosis provokes a violation of blood circulation in the brain, arises painful in the chest area, arms, back.
Between the vertebrae hernia
The reason why hurt the spine in the neck area, could be a hernia of the intervertebral disc. This pathology interferes with the normal activity of the nerve, decreased sensation, activity and functionality of the muscle fibers. In the case of damage to the spinal cord arises numbness of the extremities, impaired function of the organs of small pelvis.
Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck area, the presence of tumors lead to the formation of болевого syndrome with varying intensity. This happens due to the disorders of blood circulation in individual tissues and also the pressure on the nerve endings.
Every time you have a sore neck and back, a man tries different ways to cope alone with the problem. The justification of such behavior can be because of the painful tends to be very intense, and arises suddenly. However, it is worth it to pay attention to the warning signals, which should pay attention to yourself from a real threat to the life of the patient and seek medical attention immediately:
- muscle pain is accompanied by high temperature in the absence of symptoms of the common cold or SARS;
- pain локализуется in the region of neck, shoulder girdle, chest, and also accompanied by puffy;
- the pain is accompanied by онемением one or both limbs, alleviate their muscle strength;
- pain in the back or neck has an acute character, accompanied by spasms, it is amplified when coughing or sneezing;
- acute back pain is accompanied by chest pain, and irradiate under лопатку;
- acute pain in neck or back pain occurs in young children or pregnant.
Prevention and treatment
Usually, pain in the neck and back pain arise on the background of a sedentary lifestyle, excessive weight, frequent stressful situations, improper distribution of intensity of physical load. All these assumptions contribute to the emergence of degenerative or traumatic factors that violate the normal functioning of the скелетно-muscular system.
It is necessary to follow the rules for breeding and movement of weights, avoid sudden movements, to strengthen muscles using sport and physical education. A significant factor in the prevention of diseases of the spine, is the fight against excess weight in order to reduce the burden on the neck and back. Along with this, the food should be rich in protein, vitamins and minerals.
The use of nearly all medicinal products for back pain and neck should be agreed with the doctor. Indications of the course of therapy should be done after diagnosis of the disease. There is no need to separately on the massage, прогревание or rub the ointment. Similar activities, if not worsen the condition of the patient, then they can distort the clinical picture, complicate the diagnosis.
Most often to treat pain in the neck and back pain, experts recommend drugs from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory remedies in the form of tablets, capsules, creams, ointments or injections. Popular are medications, which include Ibuprofen, Diclofenac, Вольтарен, Ketoprofen, Мелоксикам. Effective proven patches, which contain active anti-inflammatories: Dolobene, Dorsaplast, Versatis.
It is necessary to know that the treatment conditions, сопровождающихся pain in the back and neck, should be comprehensive and aimed at removing the causes of disease. An amateur approach to the treatment of болевого syndrome of the back and neck is not valid.