populus often complain of pain in the lower back, and this is natural: this area makes up a large part of the burden. In comparison with other departments, lumbar more prone to diseases.
In this article we will understand what happens back pain in the lumbar, what it is caused and how to get rid of it.
Read more about back pain
Pain in the lower back is known as lumbago, or "прострел". Sometimes it is so strong, that a person must take an unnatural position, the movement of his specify. Every movement causes the patient severe discomfort.
Feelings of pain can take a few minutes to several days. Then suddenly stops, but after some time, repeat with a new force. One must get used to such waves of pain, which may not contain completely, if it is not treated.
Why hurt the shoulders?
The cause may be the following factors:
- дительное stay behind the wheel or at work at the computer in a sitting position;
- physical stress, emotional or nervous stress at work;
- reinforced with exercises in the gym (when performing exercises in the standing or sitting);
- the period of gestation and a difficult birth;
- problems with being overweight.
What happens is that the pain disappears by itself. It gives to understand the following: if the roast is bothering on a regular basis — it is not excluded the development of serious illness. And when late treatment is able to cause serious consequences, to get rid of which you will have to use surgery.
Pain in the lower back as a symptom of the disease
There are two types of back pain: primary and secondary.
Primary pain syndrome arises directly in the development of diseases of the spine. It can be:
- osteochondrosis lumborum department;
- education of the extrusion of the intervertebral disc;
- межпозвонковые hernia;
- spondylosis or spondylarthrosis;
- diseases of the spine, as is кифоз, scoliosis, kyphoscoliosis;
- discit, остеомиелит and tuberculosis of the spine.
Secondary pain syndrome occurs because of disease in other areas of the body. Its cause the following reasons:
- tumor within the spinal canal;
- persistent muscle spasms;
- diseases of the internal organs;
- renibus lapides disease;
- осложненная pregnancy;
- problems with яичником.
Classification of pain
Pain in the lower back can be:
Severe pain appear when остеохондрозе. The pain that haunts a man constantly: when she walks, sits, raises the gravity, and coughs or sneezes. Sometimes it gives to the lower limbs. It is accompanied by онемением and the feeling of "chills".
When lumborum-sacralis rheumatic pain a person feels a strong pain in the lower back and other parts of the body: the buttocks, the thighs, the pelvis and postremo. Pain sensations become stronger in the process of walking, coughing, change of body position.
At the first of similar symptoms it is necessary to turn to a neurologist. Sleep is recommended on the hard mattress to maintain the lumbar in the right anatomical position.
Sharp pain in man are manifested in the following cases:
- stretching the muscles;
- a long stay in an uncomfortable position;
- work with тяжестями;
- sudden movements;
- hypothermia of the organism;
To remove these pain is the need to use gels and ointments, which have anti-inflammatory and обезболивающими properties. They will help to correct blood circulation and get rid of edema. If through two-three days after the first manifestation of back pain does not pass, then it is high time to see a doctor.
In the early days, when the pain in the lower back are manifested particularly strongly, it is better to stick to bed rest.
Gnawing pain in the lower back may arise from myositis or inflammation of the muscles of the lower back. Man скован in motion, because he has the feelings of pain at the same time, even the simplest of movements.
How to get rid of the pain, you must first take a warm shower, and then put on warm clothes. Exercises are excluded. To facilitate the condition is recommended to rub the ointment, which have tepidus effect. If the pain and about three days later passes, then it is better to contact the doctor.
Often the cause of such pain becomes deformavit spondylosis. A person with such an illness, really hate the shoulders, may develop loss of sensation and weakness in the legs.
Chronic pain may also occur due to ankylosing спондилита, problems with the exchange of substances or cancerous tumors. To cope with these diseases in domestic conditions will not work. Discover the cause in the early stages too difficult. Therefore, when it appears the pain that persist longer than three days, and even worsen, it is worth it to contact the doctor.
This type is characterized by "запутанностью". A person feels pain in the lower back pain and believe that is their reason — problems with the spine. But in fact displaced the pain usually occur as a result of disease of the organs, which are in the pelvic area, tumors and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys.
In what cases it is necessary to go to the doctors?
In the presence of any track from the list below, you must immediately arrange for a consultation with a general practitioner.
- severe pain in the lumbar will not go away and three days later, and more;
- cause pain injury of the spine, that you know that (for example, a few days later there was an accident or a fall on your back);
- it hurts you at the same time the shoulders, thighs, shins and feet;
- because the pain is lost the sensitivity on the buttocks, hips, legs, stop, and in the groin area.
How to recover from pain in the lower back?
Usually the patient turns out to be a complex treatment, where attention is paid to and lumborum area, and the spine and surrounding organs.
The treatment is divided into two types: conservative and operative.
Conservative treatment – it is kind of therapeutic activities in which the recovery of the patient is achieved through the application of drugs (treatment treatment), and for the use of alternative methods .
Conservative treatment is of several types:
- the intake of special drugs;
- therapeutic physical training;
Ointments and gels
Ointment — cure in a mild form, which is designed for external use on the affected areas of the body. The ointment consists of two components: basic and medicinal active substances.
Ointments are remedies is effective in the case that you need as quickly as possible to improve the state of health in the home environment. Help a person to relieve pain, syndrome, inflammation, muscle cramps. Some have tepidus effect to the lower back, which is useful if it frigus.
As tepidus drugs excellent performance, they have a chinese patch on the back.
There is the following classification of ointments:
- Anti-inflammatory ointment with the effect of the analgesic. They have a cooling effect at the expense of, that contain menthol and lavender.
- Combined ointments. They pay in the event of injuries and растяжениях. In addition to anti-inflammatory and pain effects, they have a healing effect, which is achieved by heparin and the demethyl sulfoxide in the composition of ointments.
- Drugs with effect on the expansion of the blood vessels. Increase blood flow to the пораженному place.
- Chondroprotectors. Used in the патологиях cartilage. Thanks to the chondroitin sulfate data medication regenerates the joints.
Injection it is believed the introduction of drugs into the muscle or vein to accelerate the delivery" of drugs to the inflamed place. It is important that the needle was acute – so neither the skin nor the muscles are not травмируются.
The characteristic features of the injection are:
- The speed of the treatment.
- The effectiveness of the treatment. The active substance is not exposed to any degenerative processes in the gastrointestinal tract.
- The necessity of a professional approach to the introduction of the injection. Yourself better, to get the jabs — either you need every day to visit a doctor, or call медработника on the house.
- It is necessary to indication of a specialist. Suitable drugs can only be prescribed by a doctor. And many drugs without a doctor's prescription, and even buy can not be.
Exercise and charging
Therapeutic physical training — a method of treatment of diseases and reduce pain in the lower back. Tasks physical therapy is the restoration of скелетно-muscular system, improving the condition of the patient and correction of posture.
For back pain is recommended to perform the following exercise:
- Starting position — lying. It is necessary to alternately lift the left and right leg. Maximum lifting height – ten-fifteen centimeters. Increased step is the need to hold on to the weight for 10-15 seconds. The exercise is performed 10-15 times for each leg.
- In supine position it is necessary to bend the legs at the knees. The angle of flexion — 90 to 100 degrees. After the end of the exercise, bend the legs it is necessary to tilt to the right and on the left side up to the stop. The exercise is performed 15 times.
- It is necessary to slowly and smoothly leaning in different directions. When performing exercises your back should be the most direct. Lot of 20 sails on each side.
- Starting position — standing on all fours. It is necessary to do the mahi opposing, each other's hands and feet (for example, use right hand and left foot) at the same time. Performed by 10-15 times
- "The footbridge". Stand on all four belly out, it is necessary to dish back up and break in such a situation on so much, on how much you have enough forces. Perform exercise should be no less than 5 times.
Massage – it is a technique of treatment, focused on the impact on the active points of the person using the hands or special aids. This way great has proven himself in the fight with pain in the lumbar. But massage should only make a qualified specialist, because the wrong professional can bring damage to the health of the spine.
Benefits of massage:
- improves blood circulation in the affected part of the body;
- makes the muscles and ligaments more flexible and эластичнее;
- eliminating the acute forms of pain;
- removes toxins from the body;
- it creates pleasant sensations through the massage of the sensitive areas of the body;
- has a beneficial effect on mood.
Massage it is better to combine with the adoption of a spa or sauna. Particularly useful steam brooms made of birch or oak: increase the tone of the body.
Прогревание and cryotherapy
This method of treatment refers to the traditional medicine. Прогревания help with pain that are not associated with inflammation. For example, it is a stretch, hernia, curvature of the spine or degenerative disc disease. Cryotherapy, on the contrary, is effective in acute forms of inflammation.
Remember! In the presence of infection in the body прогревание loses its positive effects. Enhanced blood flow promotes the occurrence in the human body severe pain, the area of inflammation may increase.
Prevention of the disease
To prevent the re-emergence of painful feelings in the area of the lower back, we recommend you to necessarily adhere to three main rules:
- Exercise regularly
Exercise should be общеукрепляющего character. Are equally acts on all muscle groups, including in the area of the back and abdomen. They are encouraged to practice daily at least twenty-thirty minutes. The perfect morning exercise, jogging, swimming in the pool or walk at a fast pace.
- To maintain water-salt balance
In the day a person is recommended to drink up to three liters of fluid. For this suit of pure mineral water. Carbonated drinks, coffee and tea bad effect on the kidneys and does not saturate the body.
The more water you need to drink in the first half of the day. After 20.00 it is better to reduce the amount of water consumed, because it carries with it the emergence of swelling and pain in the kidneys.
- To eat and visit the doctor
Reconsider your daily diet. It is necessary to reduce the amount of fatty, fried and smoked foods or even eliminate that – it is better to add healthy meals and products. The most useful is that which is cooked on steam or сварена. In the daily diet should be what the most products, saturated the body with the necessary vitamins, trace elements and minerals.
It is recommended to annually held врачебные examination, including a complete examination of the body. Women should regularly visit the gynecologist, men — urologist. Children's health should be monitored at the level of educational institutions — the establishment of диспансеризация help you to timely identify the disease and as soon as possible, begin to heal.
The main condition is maintaining a healthy spine – it is the right lifestyle!
In addition to these three rules, there are still a few that are also recommended to follow:
- Monitor their posture.
- Avoid awkward posture at work sitting down. Your knees should be above the level of the pelvis. Sat should be on a low chair or подложить bracket under the foot. It is best if it is located between the loin and a chair back (the chair) a small pillow.
- When office work is worth it regularly move. Once an hour do a break on a small charge.
- Sleep on the hard ортопедическом mattress.
- To properly lift weights. This is done through stretching the knee joints. You have to go down to the object, bending the knees, while keeping your back straight.
- When transfer cargo is worth to distribute the load between both hands.
Pain in the lower back – this is a dangerous symptom, which is characterized by its variability.
Take care of your health, do not delay trips to the doctor and lead an active lifestyle – then problems with the spine you have.